Producing dense and resin-covered marijuana plant buds is every grower’s dream. After all, everyone always wants the best of everything, right? Well, you can now make your dreams a reality with great ideas on how to grow big and thick marijuana buds.
Cannabis is a strong plant that can survive in some of the most extreme conditions. However, exposing them to such harsh environments doesn’t always guarantee large, dense yields.
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Providing your marijuana plant with the correct conditions increases the chances of optimal growth and should be your priority if dense marijuana plant buds are your primary objective.
Fortunately, like other plants, the first flowering stages will tell you how your marijuana plant will grow. So, whenever you notice your cannabis plants are underperforming, you know something is wrong.
This guide will share the best practices to grow thick and dense marijuana plant buds with you. So, let’s get to it.
What Do Marijuana Plant Buds Look Like When They Start to Form?
During the first few weeks after planting your cannabis seeds, you will see bunches of single leaves starting to form at the top of the plant’s main colas. These are where you find the bud sites on your plants.
Soon, white pistils start to form in the middle of the bunches before transforming into main buds.
During weeks 1-3, the plant will mostly produce new leaves and stems as it grows taller. By this stage, the plant will be resilient to harsh conditions and can handle most problems like in the vegetative stage. But it’s still best to avoid exposing them to harsh environments.
Taking care of your cannabis plants guarantees they will yield thicker and denser marijuana plant buds.
How Big Should a Bud Be at Five Weeks?
By week 4-6, the buds will start getting thicker and denser, with new ones coming along to show that your plant is in good health. This is also the perfect time when color changes take place in the flower. You will notice the fine hairs that form on the plant’s pistils start turning darker.
By week 6, the trichomes, which are harder to see, will also start turning milky. By this stage, you will know you’re not too far off from the harvest period and that you’re doing something right. But what does it really take to make thick, dense marijuana plant buds?
How to Make Marijuana Plant Buds Bigger During Flowering
So, you want to make your next marijuana plant buds bigger and thicker but don’t know how to go about the process.
We compiled a comprehensive list of steps you can take to promote the growth of bigger and thicker buds.
1. Start with the Right Genetics
Like most other plants, picking the right genetics is the first step to growing dense marijuana buds. Indica-dominant strains, in particular, produce denser and more resinous buds than the Sativa-dominant strains. That’s because most Sativa strains originate from more tropical climates. Therefore, they have a looser and airier bud structure to protect them against bud rot and mold-related issues.
In contrast, Indica-dominant varieties originate from cooler and drier regions with shorter summers. As a result, they developed shorter stature and faster flowering times. They also have a tighter bud structure. These are the cannabis strains to go for when looking to buff your marijuana plant buds.
2. Choosing the Right Pots
Although you can grow marijuana in any old pot lying around, some pots do inherently better jobs at promoting your plant’s growth and health. And healthier plants will obviously produce better (potentially better) buds compared to unhealthy ones.
Most seasoned growers advise that you use Air-Pots or fabric pots that promote much better air circulation in the plant’s roots. This will make your plants respire easily and develop stronger root systems that grow downwards instead of around the pot’s edges.
3. Optimizing Lighting
It’s no secret that marijuana plants need ample light for key physiological processes to fatten their buds. So, you must invest in proper lighting to guarantee the thickening of your marijuana plant buds.
You can do that by optimizing lighting factors such as:
· Light Intensity
Providing your plants with optimal light intensity is vital. The lighter your buds get, the bigger they will grow. But you also want to take care not to get your lights too close to your buds, or you risk burning them. Similarly, if your light is too far from the plants, they won’t have enough energy to produce satisfactory results (big and thick buds).
· Reflective Walls
Reflective walls help maximize the light your plants get, especially when growing them indoors. White plastic or Mylar are among the best reflective materials you can use to reflect excess light naturally from your grow. This will also help them to develop denser buds and vegetative growth.
· Light Schedule
Generally, the lighter your cannabis plant receives, the better and healthier it will be. Just remember to schedule your lighting times to avoid burning them or depriving them of enough light they need for their physiological processes.
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4. Optimizing Temperature and Humidity
Maintaining the right temperature and humidity is also vital for promoting bigger and thicker marijuana plant buds. You must maintain the ideal balance between temperature and humidity to grow strong and healthy buds. Otherwise, you might end up with meager results, or worse, nothing to show for your hard work.
· The Correct Temperature for Marijuana
It’s crucial that the temperature stays within the acceptable range. It shouldn’t be too low at night or too high during the day.
The ideal temperature range for the best grow is between 18°C and 26°C. Have it too hot, and the flowering process might be stunted. You also risk seriously damaging the buds.
· Ideal Relative Humidity
Humidity is closely tied to temperature. It’s also important that you maintain humidity within acceptable levels. You shouldn’t go beyond 60% RH during the flowering phase. You will have to reduce it to 45% RH in the last 2-3 weeks, forcing the plant to protect its flowers. In the process, it will respond by producing denser and thicker buds with more resin.
· Proper Plant Spacing
Another vital aspect of growing bigger and thicker marijuana plant buds is proper spacing. By providing enough distance between plants, they never overshadow each other. This helps them maximize the amount of light each bud site receives.
Proper spacing also promotes better air circulation throughout the garden or grow room, making it easier for plants to breathe.
5. Nutrition – Feed Your Plants Properly
Your plants also need to eat and drink to form bigger and thicker marijuana plant buds. Here are some great nutritional products to consider for your plants:
· Feeding Cannabis
Each marijuana strain has different feeding requirements. Therefore, you must know the ideal type and amount of feed each plant needs and when to adjust or change them.
However, cannabis plants generally require higher nitrogen levels during the vegetative stage to promote their growth. You can then switch to potassium-rich feed during their flowering stages to encourage bud production.
You also want to take care not to overwater the grow. You will risk drenching the plant, which may promote mold growth. We also recommend using Air-Pots or fiber pots that can drain out excess water.
Underwatering your plants will also damage your plants. But this is much less common easier to fix.
· Caring for Roots
The key to healthy marijuana plant buds is a healthy root system. You can encourage bigger and thicker marijuana plant buds by caring for their roots using beneficial fungi and bacteria. Encouraging such root environments helps them to grow and function at their best.
6. Knowing When to Harvest
One of the critical aspects of growing thicker and denser marijuana plant buds is patience. You don’t want to make the mistake of harvesting your plants too early. The final flowering stages of the plants are super important, especially for bud development. During this stage, the buds will continue to thicken and develop rich resin.
The best way to know when to harvest marijuana is by using a microscope. You can use the microscope to check how far the trichomes have turned cloudy. Once roughly 70% of the trichomes are cloudy, you can start harvesting.
How to Fix Light, Airy Buds?
Sometimes, no matter how hard you try to produce big and thick marijuana plant buds, you end up with light, airy ones. However, it’s not too late to fill up these buds. There are still a few tricks you can use to fatten the buds.
Here’s what you can do:
· Use Bloom-Boosters
Thanks to technological advancements and research into cannabis growth, we now have several bud density-boosting solutions you can try. Bloom-boosters is one such option. Most have complex ingredients, including amino acids and vitamins, while others work primarily with phosphorus and potassium.
If your plant buds are loose and airy, you should try bloom-boosters to fill them up. Just remember to follow the directions on the package for the maximum results possible.
· Don’t Overwater
As already mentioned above, overwatering your marijuana plants can end up causing more harm than good, including causing the buds to be loose and airy. Sometimes, you may just want to stop overwatering your plants to improve their bud health.
You can also reduce the grow room humidity before harvesting to allow the buds to flower.
Reducing humidity levels below 45% RH 2-3 weeks before harvesting can help increase their resin production and tighten them up.
· Tighten the Buds by Drying and Curing
The quality of your marijuana plant buds depends largely on how dried and cured they are. This step is crucial to improve the final product’s flavor, potency, and aroma and allow the buds to tighten up before consumption.
Therefore, harvesting airy buds still leaves you with the option of drying and curing them to make them denser and more appealing.
· Don’t Harvest Too Early
We’ve also talked extensively about harvesting your marijuana plant buds too early on the post.
While this might sound obvious, some cannabis growers still have trouble determining the best time to start harvesting.
If you want your buds to mature fully and reach their desired weight and size, don’t have them too early. The best way to know when to harvest is by checking the plants’ trichomes using a magnifying glass. You know it’s time to harvest when you notice over 70% of the trichomes have turned cloudy or amber.
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Knowing how to grow big and thick marijuana plant buds is a simple but delicate process that requires patience and dedication. Again, not many people will get their desired result after harvesting their cannabis yields.
However, following the tips mentioned above, you should see a significant improvement in your future harvests.
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